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Microbiologist: works in health, research and food
The microbiologist is a biology scientist who studies microorganisms (bacteria, viruses, unicellular algae, protozoa, among others). Therefore, he is a professional who works in the field of biological knowledge known as Microbiology.
What a microbiologist does (main activities):
- Research the physiology of microorganisms.
- Researches the interaction of microorganisms with humans and other animals.
- Works in the development of medicines and vaccines to combat pathological microorganisms.
- Develops methods of use of certain microorganisms in the production and conservation of food.
- It acts in the creation of methods of identification of microorganisms in the human body and of other animals.
- Works in the area of biosafety systems and methods development.
- Develops systems to combat and control microorganisms in water treatment.
- Creates food safety management systems.
Main areas of professional practice (labor market):
- Pharmaceutical industry.
- University research laboratories.
- Food industry.
- Large agricultural companies.
- Hospitals and clinical analysis laboratories.
Main areas (branches) of activity of the microbiologist:
- Medical Microbiology
- Pharmaceutical Microbiology
- Industrial Microbiology
- Microbial Genetics
- Cell Microbiology
- Environmental Microbiology
- Soil microbiology
- Food Microbiology
- Agricultural Microbiology
- Virology (study of viruses)
- Mycology (fungal study)
- Bacteriology (study of bacteria)
- Parasitology (parasite studies)
Microbiologists are usually trained in biology with specialization in the various areas (branches) of microbiology.